Information Security Classification

Types Of Information Security Classification

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In this article, we will discuss the information security classification. Let us also know the importance and benefits of classification.

Know The Information Security Classification

What is information security classification? So information security classification is an important part of information security management. 

It is the process of assigning value to information by labeling it. Also, it is used to categorize information.

To make sure that the right people have access to the right information at the right time. Why is security classification important?


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So the importance of security classification can be seen in the following points:

It provides a basis for establishing security policies, standards, procedures, and practices.

Also, it provides a means for implementing mandatory access controls (MAC) and discretionary access controls (DAC).

Lastly, it helps in controlling access to data assets by identifying data assets. Then, assigning sensitivity labels to consistent data assets.

Also, with the value of information to its owner and creator. This process is known as data labeling. 

Data labeling includes assigning sensitivity labels such as the following:

  • classified, 
  • secret, 
  • top-secret, etc 

The Classification Types

This information security classification is divided into two types:

1- government classification – Which is the highest level of information security classification. It is also known as “Top Secret”.

2- commercial or business classification- This is the second-highest level of information security classification. It is also known as “Confidential.”

Information security classifications are mainly used to classify information. It provides security measures for sensitive information. 

It helps in controlling the access to data assets by identifying data assets. Then assigning sensitivity labels to data assets. 

That is consistent with their value to their owners or creators. So information security classifications are classified under the following guidelines:

  • Classification of National Security Information.
  • Executive Order 13526 establishes a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding. Also, declassifying national security information. 
  • This EO supersedes EO 12958 and EO 12356. It is effective immediately.

This is the highest level of classification that applies to especially sensitive information. That could cause exceptionally grave damage to national security if compromised. 

So the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected. It causes exceptionally grave damage to national security. 

Moreover, the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected. It causes exceptionally grave damage to national security or results.

Significant Impact Of Classification

Insignificant impact on national interests or foreign relations of the United States. Examples include the following:

  • Information is revealing possession or development of nuclear weapons.
  • These intelligence activities that including covert action. Also, intelligence sources or methods, or cryptology.
  • Foreign leadership, foreign capabilities (military and civilian), foreign relations, or foreign activities of the United States;
  • Vulnerabilities or capabilities of systems, installations, infrastructures, projects, plans, or protection services relating to the national security

So other categories of information are related to national security. That could be expected to result in exceptionally grave damage to national security.

If disclosed without authorization.

Awareness Of Information Security

What is awareness of information security classification? So awareness of information security classification is an important part of information security management. 

This process enables individuals to know the risk that they are facing. Also, they have to understand their role in developing.

Also, implementing, and maintaining an effective security program. Furthermore, Awareness is just knowing that something exists.

Moreover, it is happening without having any knowledge of it or how it works. This means that you are not concerned with it. You are not worried about it. 

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