Modern technology allowed more creativity in business than ever before. However, information security threats came along. Like a fire, technology brought unmeasurable benefits. But if it’s left unattended, it could bring disastrous results.
It does not matter to cybercriminals if a business is big or small. They attack everyone as long as they possess data. Moreover, cybercriminals develop new ways to steal or damage data. Hence, their methods evolve and become more complex.
This presents a challenge to all enterprises in protecting their data and networks. Yet, everyone must understand first the information security threats they are up against so they can battle those threats. In this article, let’s find out some of those threats.
This is one of the traditional and most common methods hackers use. Phishing involves luring the victim into giving up confidential information. This sensitive information includes SSN, financial details, and demographics. In most cases, hackers do this by sending out fake emails. These appear to be real and came from legitimate sources such as financial institutions and friends.
Those fake emails encourage victims to click on links attached to the email. Afterward, the website where the link takes them prompts victims to give personal information. Moreover, some of these websites ask users to install malware on their devices.
To prevent this, businesses must train their employees not to download attachments. Furthermore, users must not click on links in emails from unknown senders. Additionally, avoid downloading free software from untrusted websites.
Insider threats are not uncommon. This problem occurs when an authorized person intentionally or unintentionally mishandle data. Thus, this puts the organization’s data or systems at risk. Careless employees who don’t comply with the organization’s rules and policies mainly cause this problem. Moreover, third-party vendors and business partners may also cause an insider threat.
Training employees and contractors on security awareness is a great way to prevent data breaches. Furthermore, give employees access to the information only essential for their tasks. Set-up temporary accounts for freelancers and contractors. Having two-factor authentication greatly lowers the risk.
Drive-by download attacks
This type of attack only requires the user to browse a website. The user does not have to click on anything. Just accessing a website activates the download of a malicious code. Hackers use this method to put viruses and stealing sensitive info.
To prevent this, regularly update and patch your systems. Moreover, you should always have the latest versions of software and operating systems. Warn your users to stay away from insecure websites. Additionally, install security software that scans websites.
Hackers use this method to lock a computer. Afterward, they demand a ransom from the victim before releasing the data. Malicious email attachments and compromised websites spread ransomware. Infected apps and external storage devices also spread ransomware.
Regularly back up your computing devices. Moreover, install reputable antivirus software and regularly update it. Avoid clicking on links and opening email attachments from unknown sources. Businesses must do everything on their ability to avoid paying the ransom.